湖北11选5走势图

车内空气质量 专题

近几年来,每年的3.15晚会都会曝光一些车内空气质量湖北11选5走势图的问题。从低价位的自主品牌到高价位的高端品牌,纷纷中枪。不过这都是零星的报道,还未进入大众的主要关注视野。

2012年,政协委员李书福先生提交了《关于提升车内空气质量、防范车内环境污染》的提案,
更是将车内空气质量推向了全民关注的高峰,普罗大众都意识到,车内空气污染问题,已是选
购新车的一个重要考量标准。在此后的2年,各种改善车内空气质量的新车型,不断涌现市场。
比如提倡"车内北欧空气"的沃尔沃的S60L。

车内空气的4个主要污染源

1、QICHELINGBUJIANHECHENEIZHUANGSHICAILIAOZHONGSUOHANYOUHAIWUZHIDESHIFANG。BAOKUOQICHESHIYONGDESULIAOHEXIANGJIAOBUJIAN、ZHIWU、YOUQITULIAO、BAOWENCAILIAO、ZHANHEJIDENGCAILIAOZHONGHANYOUDEYOUJIRONGJI、ZHUJI、TIANJIAJIDENGHUIFAXINGCHENGFEN,ZAIQICHESHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIFANGDAOCHENEIHUANJING,ZAOCHENGCHENEIKONGQIWURAN。WURANWUZHUYAOYOUBEN、JIABEN、JIAQUAN、TANQINGHUAHEWU、LUDAITINGDENG,CHENEICAILIAOSHIFANGDEWUZHIHAISHICHENEINANWENYIWEIDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。JUDIAOCHA,20SHIJI90NIANDAISHI,WOGUOQICHEPINGJUNSULIAOYONGLIANGZHIYOU14—28GONGJIN/LIANG,ERTONGQIFADAGUOJIAWEI100—130GONGJIN/LIANG,CIHOUSUIZHECAILIAOJISHUDEJINBUYIJIWEIMANZUJIANGDICHEZHONGDEYAOQIU,QICHESULIAOYONGLIANGBUDUANZENGJIA。MUQIANSULIAOYONGLIANGYIJIEJIN80GONGJIN/LIANG,ZHANHEJIDEYONGLIANGYEDADAO5—27GONGJIN/LIANG。

汽车内饰材料影响车内空气质量

 

2、CHEWAIDEWURANWUJINRUCHENEI。RUGUOMIFENGBUYAN,WAIJIEHUANJINGDEWURANWUJIANGJINRUCHENEIHUANJING,ZAOCHENGCHENEIKONGQIWURAN。WURANWUZHUYAOYOUTANQINGHUAHEWU、YIYANGHUATAN、ERYANGHUALIU、DANYANGHUAWU、KELIWUDENG。ZAIDAQIWURANZUIWEIYANZHONGDE2013NIAN,ZAIBEIJINGRENRENCHUMENDAIKOUZHAO,YIZHIYUKOUZHAOTUOXIAO,MOUPINPAIQICHEYESHUNSHIERWEIDACHULE"CHENEISHIBEIOU,CHEWAISHIBEIJING",KEJIANZAIGUONEIDETEDACHENGSHI,KONGQIWURANDUOMEDEYANZHONG。

大气污染影响车内空气质量

 

湖北11选5走势图3、QICHEZISHENPAIFANGDEWURANWUJINRUCHENEIHUANJING。RUQICHEFADONGJI,QIYOURANSHAOBUCHONGFENCHANSHENGDETANQINGHUAHEWU、ERYANGHUALIU(SO2)、QIANHUAHEWU、BENBING(a)BIDENGYOUHAIWUZHI,BAOKUOTONGGUOPAIQIGUAN、QUZHOUXIANG、RANYOUZHENGFADENGTUJINGPAIFANGDEWURANWU;HUOCHENEIKONGDIAOZHANGQISHIYONGHOUFENGDAONEIJILEIDEWUWUDUICHENEIKONGQIZAOCHENGWURAN。WURANWUZHUYAOYOUTANQINGHUAHEWU、YIYANGHUATAN、DANYANGHUAWU、WEISHENGWU、BEN、XITING、FANGXIANGTINGDENG。ZHEIXIEWURANWU,JIEDUICHEZHUDEJIANKANGGOUCHENGYANZHONGWEIXIE。

汽车发动机燃烧不充分影响车内空气质量   汽车空调循环污染车内空气

 

4,YIXIERENXIHUANZAICHELIPENSAXIANGSHUI,YONGYIZHEGAICHENEIYIWEI,QISHIHENDUOXIANGSHUISHIHUAXUEHECHENGWU,BENSHENJIUHANYOUHAIWUZHI,HUIJIAZHONGWURAN,ERQIEXIANGSHUIYEWUFAXIAOCHUJIAQUANDENGDEWEIHAI。YIBANLAIJIANG,CHENEIZHUANGSHIYUEDUO,CHANSHENGKONGQIWURANDEKENENGXINGYUEDA。

汽车香水二次污染影响车内空气质量

 

车内空气污染源总结

TONGGUOYISHANGJIDIANKEZHI,CHENEIKONGQIWURANYUANYUANBUZHIGONGZHONGSHUXIDEJIAQUAN,HAIYOUGEZHONGBENXIWU、TANQINGHUAHEWUDENGDUIRENTIJIANKANGZAOCHENGYANZHONGWEIXIEDEDUOZHONGWUZHI。WEICI,JIEJUECHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGWENTI,RENZHONGERDAOYUAN。

有机物 无机物

甲苯
二甲苯
乙苯
甲醛
乙醛
丙烯醛
丙酮
苯乙烯
苯并(a)芘
一氧化碳(CO)
二氧化硫
卤代烃
铅化物
颗粒物
微生物

 

世界各国车内空气质量标准法规概述

目前车内空气质量检测,主要检测有机物的浓度,世界其他各国对于车内空气质量标准的要求不一,虽然目前还没有一个统一的标准,但是目前都以保护消费者健康为标准。详见下表

国家 要求 备注
美国

MEIGUOHUANBAOJUYAOQIUQICHEZHIZAOCHANGSUOSHIYONGDECAILIAOBIXUSHENBAO,BINGBIXUJINGGUOHUANBAOBUMENSHENCHAYIQUEBAODUIHUANJINGHERENTIWEIHAICHENGDUDADAOZUIDIDIANHOUCAINENGSHIYONG。

SHENBAOZHEYIDANWEIFANGUIDING,JIANGFUDANJUEDEFAKUAN,HAIYAOZHAOHUICHANPINQINGLIWURAN,ZHUYAOFUZERENSHENZHIHUIBEIPANXING。

德国

湖北11选5走势图(1)QICHEBENSHEN、ZHUANGZAICHENEIDESULIAOPEIJIAN、DITAN、CHEDINGZHAN、SHAFADENGXUFUHEDEGUO“LANTIANSHI”HUANBAOBIAOZHIDEYAOQIU。(2)CHENEIZHUANGSHI,ZUOTAODIAN、JIAOZHANJIDENGZHUANGSHICAILIAOHANYOUDEBEN、JIAQUAN、BINGTONG、ERJIABENDENGBIXUDIYU“DEGUOSANJICHENEIHUANBAOBIAOZHUN”,BIRUCHENEIJIAQUANHANLIANGBUNENGCHAOGUO0.08mg/m3。(3)QICHEXIAOSHOUQIANHAIBIXUJINGGUOYOUDUKONGQISHIFANGQI。

DEGUOGULISHIYONGTIANCHUANG。DEGUOQICHEFEICHANGZHONGSHICHENEIKONGQIJINGHUAQIDEPEIBEI,SHIYONGFENGWOHUILIUSHIDEKONGQIJINGHUAQIXIAOGUOGENGMINGXIAN。

日本

RIBENJIDONGCHEXIEHUI(JAMA)2005NIANFABULE《XIAOJIAOCHECHENEIKONGQIWURANZHILIZHINAN》,GAIZHINANYEFABULEJAMAJIANYIDECESHIFANGFA,ZAI40°CDEZHUANGTAIXIACELIANGJIAQUANPAIFANG,RANHOUKAIQIKONGDIAO,KONGZHIMUBIAOSHI25°C,ZAIGAIZHUANGTAIXIACELIANGVOCsPAIFANG。

湖北11选5走势图RIBENQICHECHANGSHANGKAIFALECHUJUNGONGNENGDEXINXINGQICHEKONGDIAODENG,ZAICHUCHANGQIAN,HAIYOUZHUANRENZHENDUI“CHENEIWEIDAO”JINXINGGANGUANPINGJIA。

韩国

湖北11选5走势图2007NIAN6YUE5RI,HANGUOJIANSHEBUBANBULE“XINGUIZHIZUOQICHEDESHINEIKONGQIZHILIANGGUANLIBIAOZHUN”,GAIGUANLIBIAOZHUNGUIDINGLEXINSHENGCHANCHEDEHUIFAXINGWURANWUPAIFANGJIANCEFANGFAHEBIAOZHUN。

GAODANGCHEYIBANPEIBEIAQSKONGQIZHILIANGCHUANGANQI,YIDANCHEWAIDEKONGQIZHILIANGCHAOBIAO,AQSHUIZIDONGQIEDUANFENGMEN,ZUZHIFEIQILIURUCHENEI。

俄罗斯

ZAI1999NIANZHIDINGBINGSHISHILEP51206-98HAO“CHELIANGCHENEIWURANWUPINGJIABIAOZHUNJIFANGFA”DEGUOJIABIAOZHUN。

DUIJIASHISHIZHONGDECONONO2C3H4ODEZUIGAONONGDUFENBIEZUOCHUXIANZHI,YIKONGZHICHENEIKONGQIDEWURAN。

澳大利亚

湖北11选5走势图BACHENEIHUANJINGLIEWEISHINEIHUANJING,ZAIZHIDINGJIANKANGBIAOZHUNSHI,BACHENEIHUANJINGHEBANGONGSHI、JIAOSHIDENGBINGLIE。

 

中国

FABU《CHENGYONGCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGPINGJIAZHINAN》TUIJIANBIAOZHUN。ZHEIXIANGBIAOZHUNZHONG,GUIDINGLEBEN、JIABEN、ERJIABEN、YIBEN、BENYIXI、JIAQUAN、YIQUAN、BINGXIQUANZHEI8ZHONGWUZHIDENONGDUYAOQIU。TASHIYONGYUXINCHE,SHIYONGZHONGDECHELIANGYEKECANZHAO。

湖北11选5走势图CIBIAOZHUNZAIZHIDINGSHICANKAOLEGUOWAIBIAOZHUN,DANBUJIOUMENG、BEIMEIDENGDIQUYANGE。

 

TONGGUOYISHANGSHUJUKEZHI,MUQIANGUONEIDUIYUCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGYUDEGUO、MEIGUODENGFADAGUOJIAHAIYOUJIAODADECHAJU,WOGUOZHUYAOKONGZHIZHENGCHEDEBUFENWURANWUZHIBIAO,ERDUIYUQICHEZHIZAOZHONGSHIYONGDECAILIAOFANGMIAN,WEIZUOMINGQUEGUIDING。

我国车内空气质量国家标准

湖北11选5走势图WOGUOCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGGUOJIABIAOZHUNZHUYAOCANKAOOUMENGHEMEIGUODESHUJUZHIDING,DANSHIBUJIOUMEIDUIYUCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGYAOQIUYANGE,XIANGJIANXIABIAO:

单位:mg/m3
序号 项目 浓度要求
1 ≤0.11
2 甲苯 ≤1.10
3 二甲苯 ≤1.50
4 乙苯 ≤1.50
5 苯乙烯 ≤0.26
6 甲醛 ≤0.10
7 乙醛 ≤0.05
8 丙烯醛 ≤0.05

 

行动:部分企业自主提高车内空气质量

SUIRANWOGUOHAIMEIYOUXIANGMEIGUO、DEGUONEIYANG,CONGQICHEZHIZAOGUOCHENGZHONGDECAILIAO、LINGBUJIANFANGMIANZHEIMEXIZHIDEKONGZHICHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGDEBIAOZHUN,DANSHIRUZHIMINGQICHECHANGSHANGWOERWO、CAILIAOCHANGSHANGJINHURILIDENG,YIJINGCONGKAISHIANZHAOOUMEIBIAOZHUNLAICONGYUANTOUSHIXIANKONGZHICHENEIKONGQIZHILIANG。

 

湖北11选5走势图BIRUWOERWOQICHE,TUICHUDES60L,SHOUXIANSHISHUIRONGXINGGEYINCAILIAO,CONGERCHEDIBIMIANLECHUANTONGLIQINGGEYINCAILIAODEYOUHAIQITIWURAN。QICISHIIAQSCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGKONGZHIXITONG,KEZIDONGJIANCECHENEIKONGQIZHILIANG,BINGKONGZHIKONGDIAOJINQILIANG。YIJIHUANBAONEISHICAILIAODEXUANZE,SHIXIANLECHENEI“BEIOUBANDEKONGQI”。

湖北11选5走势图YOUZHEZHONGHANHEZIBEIJINGDECAILIAOCHANGSHANGJINHURILI,YETUICHULEDIVOCDISANFADEQICHEHUANBAONEISHICAILIAO,CONGCAILIAOPEIFANGKAISHIYANGEKONGZHIYOUJIWUDESANFA,BINGFUYIZHENKONGBAOZHUANG,DAFUTIGAOLECAILIAODEHUANBAOXINGNENG,YIYINGYONGZAIZHULIUQICHECHEXINGSHANG。

 

YOUYUANJIANDEZHUJICHANGHECAILIAOCHANGSHANGYIJINGJIJIXINGDONGQILAILE,WEILEGAISHANCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGERNULI,TONGSHIYESHIYINGDEXIAOFEIZHERENTONGDEYIJILIANGYAO。WEICI,YUELAIYUEDUODEZHUJICHANGHECAILIAOCHANGSHANGYIJINGGENJIN,XIANGXINZAIBUJIU,YEJIUSHI《CHENGYONGCHENEIKONGQIZHILIANGPINGJIAZHINAN》QIANGZHISHISHIDENEIYITIAN,XINCHUCHANGDEQICHEJIANGHUIYIQUANXINDEZITAIYINGJIEXIAOFEIZHE。

 

对于已购车的车主,如何改善车内空气质量?

SUIRANWOGUOMEIYOUDEGUOQIANGZHIGUIDINGDECHELIANGXIAOSHOUQIANBIXUYOUYOUDUKONGQISHIFANGQI,XIAMIANSHIYIXIETUIJIANFANGFA,NENGGOUZAIXIANYOUDEQINGKUANGXIABANGZHUCHEZHUGAISHANYIXIACHENEIKONGQIZHILIANG。

名称 处理措施 实例效果
通风法 应经常打开车门唤起,如有天窗,鼓励经常使用天窗 汽车天窗通风换气提升车内空气质量
竹炭法 竹炭能够吸附空气中的甲醛等部分有害物质 汽车用竹炭净化车内空气
净化器 在车内备一个空气净化器,定期净化空气 车内空气净化器净化车内空气

 

更多改善现有汽车车内空气质量请见十六妙招还你清新车内空气

 

笔者小记:笔者衷心的希望我国的《乘用车内空气质量评价指南》能够早日成为《乘用车内空气质量评价标准》,强制实施,从原材料、零部件方面各个环节细化控制车内空气污染的问题,严格守护消费者的健康。同时这也会提升整个中国汽车制造业水平,对于中国汽车走向世界,将具有巨大的推动力。